The Legislative Council of a state is constituted as per Article 168 of Indian Constitution. As per Article 171 of the Indian Constitution the total number of Members in the Legislative council of a State shall not exceed one third of the total number of Members in the Legislative Assembly.
Of the total number of Members of the Legislative Council, 1/3 of Members are elected by electorates consisting of the Members of Local Authorities, 1/12 are elected by electorates consisting of graduates residing in the State, 1/12 are elected by electorates consisting of persons engaged in teaching, 1/3 are elected by the Members of Legislative Assembly and the remaining are nominated by the Governor.
The Telangana Legislative Council was formed for the first time on June 2, 2014 with Members belonging to Telangana region of the erstwhile Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council as per the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014. The total number of Members of the Telangana Legislative Council is 40. The Legislative Council is a permanent legislative body. 1/3 of its Members shall retire for every 2 years.